The National Restaurant Association's Restaurant Performance Index (RPI) is a monthly composite index that tracks the health of and the outlook for the U.S. restaurant industry. Launched in 2002, the RPI is released on the last business day of each month.
Latest RPI (released January 31, 2017)
The RPI held relatively steady in December, as mixed sales and traffic results were offset by a generally optimistic outlook for business conditions in the months ahead. The RPI stood at 100.5 in December, down slightly from a level of 100.7 in November.
The Current Situation Index stood at 99.5 in December, down 0.1 percent. December represented the third consecutive month in which the Current Situation Index stood below 100, as same-store sales and customer traffic levels remained dampened.
The Expectations Index stood at 101.6 in December, unchanged from November's level. It was buoyed by improving expectations for sales growth among restaurant operators, in addition to a cautiously optimistic outlook for the economy.
The RPI is measured in relation to a steady-state level of 100. Index values above 100 indicate that key industry indicators are in a period of expansion, while index values below 100 represent a period of contraction for key industry indicators. The Index consists of two components – the Current Situation Index, which measures current trends in four industry indicators (same-store sales, traffic, labor and capital expenditures), and the Expectations Index, which measures restaurant operators’ six-month outlook for four industry indicators (same-store sales, employees, capital expenditures and business conditions).
The RPI is based on the responses to the National Restaurant Association’s Restaurant Industry Tracking Survey, which is fielded monthly among more than 400 restaurant operators nationwide on a variety of indicators including sales, traffic, labor and capital expenditures. Restaurant operators interested in participating in the tracking survey, contact Bruce Grindy.
RPI Archive: for more detailed analysis and aggregated RPI and Industry Tracking Survey data, see Restaurant TrendMapper.