The National Restaurant Association's Restaurant Performance Index (RPI) is a monthly composite index that tracks the health of and the outlook for the U.S. restaurant industry. Launched in 2002, the RPI is released on the last business day of each month.
Latest RPI (released June 30, 2016)
Due in large part to softer same-store sales and customer traffic results, the RPI declined in May. The RPI stood at 100.6, down 0.9 percent from April's level.
The Current Situation Index stood at 100.2 in May, down 1.8 percent from April. Despite the decline, it remained above 100, which continues to signify expansion in the current situation indicators.
The Expectations Index stood at 101.0 in May – unchanged from its April level. Although it trended somewhat lower in recent months, restaurant operators have a generally positive outlook for business conditions in the coming months.
The RPI is measured in relation to a steady-state level of 100. Index values above 100 indicate that key industry indicators are in a period of expansion, while index values below 100 represent a period of contraction for key industry indicators. The Index consists of two components – the Current Situation Index, which measures current trends in four industry indicators (same-store sales, traffic, labor and capital expenditures), and the Expectations Index, which measures restaurant operators’ six-month outlook for four industry indicators (same-store sales, employees, capital expenditures and business conditions).
The RPI is based on the responses to the National Restaurant Association’s Restaurant Industry Tracking Survey, which is fielded monthly among more than 400 restaurant operators nationwide on a variety of indicators including sales, traffic, labor and capital expenditures. Restaurant operators interested in participating in the tracking survey, contact Bruce Grindy.
RPI Archive (for more detailed analysis and aggregated RPI and Industry Tracking Survey data, see Restaurant TrendMapper)
RPI April 2016
RPI March 2016
RPI February 2016